The Bikes That Changed Motorcycling

I’ve owned a few Honda CBs over the years, loved every one of them. That bike almost singlehandedly reshaped motorcycling, capsized British domination of the sport, and kicked open the door to a much wider acceptance and participation in riding. I’ve never owned a Kawasaki Z1-900, often called the first “Superbike,” but I hope to someday. Both of these legendary machines ushered in a new era in motorcycling, and introduced us to the “UJM.”

Here’s the story from our friends at The Throttlestop Museum in Elkhart Lake, WI, as penned by Bill Hall, curator-

The 1970’s were not only known for the explosion of high-performance Muscle Cars, but the introduction of a new segment of production motorcycles called Superbikes.

Leading that charge was the 1969 Honda CB750. Featuring an inline four-cylinder, single overhead-cam, four-carburetor engine displacing 736cc, the bike was the product of Honda’s earlier racing success and targeted squarely at the American market. Creature comforts such as an electric starter, dual mirrors, flashing turn signals, and a kill switch completed the package. Introduced for the first time on a production motorcycle was the addition of a front disc brake. Priced at $1,495 it was a technological tour-de-force, which Cycle World magazine in August of 1969 called “the most sophisticated production bike ever.”

Though called a standard (or now referred to as UJM- Universal Japanese Motorcycle) for its upright layout and wide handlebars, there was no mistaking the sporting intent of this motorcycle. About that time, the American Motorcycle Association’s Competition Committee updated their class specifications, and opened the door for the large-displacement, 750cc-class that would become known as the first Superbikes.

Just like in the Muscle Car world, this competition incited an arms race on the showroom floor. Kawasaki, which had been in development of its own four-cylinder 750cc motorcycle when the CB750 first broke cover, went back to their drafting tables, increasing the displacement of their bike to 900cc. The project was code named “New York Steak,” and the resulting Z1-900 would first be released in 1972 as the largest displacement and most powerful Japanese motorcycle ever built.

The Z1-900 featured disc brakes and the world’s first widely-produced double overhead-cam production engine. The bike would set the AMA and FIM 24-hour endurance world record at Daytona, logging 2,631 miles at an average speed of 109.64 mph. The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan has recognized the 1972 Z1 as one of their 240 “Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.”

Now firmly installed in the American market and mindset, others joined the Superbike fray. The British motorcycle manufacturers, which had dominated production only two decades earlier, were forced to respond. BSA/Triumph’s 750cc Trident attempted to overcome its aging engine with contemporary styling by Craig Vetter as the X-75 Hurricane. Norton raised its displacement from 750cc to 850cc, and introduced an electric starter and smooth-riding elastometric engine mounts for its top-of-the-line offering, the Commando.

But it was clear the era of British motorcycles was on the wane, as the Japanese manufacturers now firmly grabbed the advantage in styling, performance, reliability and affordability. Once in the lead, they never looked back.

Both the CB750 and Z1900, both initially risky propositions in a new market segment, would continue to be sold for decades, and their basic engine architectures became the standard of the industry. The Throttlestop Museum is proud to have on display two very fine examples of these early Superbikes; survivors of a street war that forever changed motorcycling history.

Bill Hall

The Throttlestop Museum

10 Comments

  1. Avatar

    I always remember the 70s being the years of fast production bikes.
    Where did the Kawasaki KZ650SR stand in all of that?

    Reply
    • Avatar

      Yeah, so many cool, crazy fast bikes in that decade. I think the KZ650 was just another of those great UJMs that were birthed as a result of that “arms race.” And we all wish we’d have held on to those old gems.

      Reply
      • Avatar

        I still have my 69 Kawasaki Mach III H1 and it runs like a dream.

        Reply
        • Avatar

          Wow, that’s fantastic, Rand! Glad it’s a family (or personal) heirloom.

          Reply
  2. Avatar

    My younger Brother bought a New ’76 KZ900 A4 … and now has the “Retro Z900RS” in the same metallic brown finish. Later, I bought a ’77 KZ650 with dual front discs and cast wheels.
    BTW — I know where you can buy a “Like New”KZ900 in Royal Blue with only about 7,000 miles.
    The owner has lost most of his eyesight and can no longer ride. He is the Original owner. I think it is a 1977…it was the last year before the change to KZ1000.
    You know how to reach me if interested.

    Reply
    • Avatar

      I am interested! I’ll get with you…

      Reply
  3. Avatar

    First new bike was a 1976
    Honda CB550F SS.
    Great bike!
    Second was the CBX 6 cyl.
    Outstanding bike.
    One of the unmentioned
    Super bikes of the era. IMO.

    Reply
    • Avatar

      I’d have to agree, Jimmy. Another one of the many great bikes from that era.

      Reply
  4. DEAN A PHELPS

    Hi Rob,

    My first street bike was the ’76 KZ900 in the metallic brown and I think it had gold pinstriping. The first thing I did was put a Yoshimura 4 into 1 exhaust on it, had a great sound and added a few horsepower too. A friend had to have it and I eventually sold it to him after a year or two so I then bought a ’78 KZ1000 Z-1R in metallic blue. Had a lot of fun with both of these bikes.

    Reply
    • Avatar

      Hi Dean!
      Awesome bikes, for sure. I know a guy with a ‘73 Z1 900 in storage, one owner. Trying to convince him to let me see it and make him an offer on it!

      Reply

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